Baby goats are taken from their mothers within 3 months of age, and transferred to small stalls where they are crowded in with other young lambs.
Broiler goats are confined to small and overcrowded stalls with limited space to move. While some farms allow goats a little amount of exercise per day (typically in a small lot), most goats will spend their entire life confined to their stall. This is done specifically so that their muscles don't develop and the flesh stays tender.
Floors in goat sheds, typically have slits to allow urine and faeces to fall through. Urine and faeces accumulate both below & within the stalls, where they lie for days on end, creating a toxic living environment that causes several skin & respiratory diseases.
In factory farms, baby goats are subjected to a variety of body mutilations typically within a couple of weeks of being born.
Disbudding: Being confined to filthy factory farm sheds is highly unnatural for goats, leading to significant stress and a build-up of aggression amongst the goats. This could lead to goats attacking and injuring each other. To prevent goats from using their horns as a weapon against other goats, they are disbudded at an early age. Disbudding is the removal of the sensitive, nerve filled horn buds (that grow into horns) by pressing a searing cylindrical iron into the bud and surrounding flesh for 8-15 seconds per burn. Each bud is burnt an average of 2 to 3 times.
Castration: Done to improve the taste of meat (and also to prevent mating and aggression), young lambs are castrated within a week of birth. Castration is usually performed by placing a tight rubber ring around the base of each goat's testicles, to cut off blood supply leading to the testicles slowly shrivelling and dying. This procedure is extremely painful, and performed without the use of any painkillers.
Transport & Slaughter
The natural lifespan of goats is between 8-12 years, but in factory farms goats are taken for slaughter by the age of 4-6 months. Goats are herded into overcrowded trucks, where they undertake long journeys without access to food, water or veterinary care.
Goats are dragged by their ears, tails or limbs into slaughterhouses, where the floor is covered with blood, faeces, organs and dying animals. They await their turn, while their companions are killed in front of them.
To slaughter the goat, a knife is used to cut the jugular vein, which leads to the eventual death of the animal through being bled out. Very often knives blunted by overuse, do not cut the jugular vein properly, and many goats are still concious, while their legs are hacked off or they are deskinned.