Different types of fats
Not all fats are the same. The good fats (mono and poly unsaturated fats) lead to an increase in HDL (good cholesterol) levels, that help collect and dispose excess cholesterol in our blood stream. On the other hand, the bad fats (saturated and trans fats) lead to an increase in LDL (bad cholesterol) levels, that get deposited as plaque on our artery walls causing blockages and associated heart problems.
An excess consumption of bad fats (saturated and trans fats) directly lead to an increased risk of the following diseases:
- Heart diseases: due to the choking of our arteries
- Cancers: by increasing hormonal activity
- Diabetes: saturated fats act as insulin inhibitors, preventing the absorption of sugars in our bloodstream
Our diet and different types of fats
The good fats (mono and poly unsaturated) fats are liquid at room temperatures, and are predominantly found in plant based foods (especially vegetable oils, nuts and seeds).
Saturated fats are solid at room temperatures and derived primarily from animal products. Meat (both red meats & poultry) and Dairy products (milk, cheese, yogurts) are amongst the highest sources of saturated fats.
In addition to a higher proportion of saturated fats, meat and dairy products also contain cholesterol directly, compared to plant based foods that contain no cholesterol. The external consumption of cholesterol, leads to an increase in LDL or bad cholesterol levels.
By replacing animal products for plant based foods, saturated fats are replaced by unsaturated fats, with significant positive health benefits.