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Does a vegetarian diet reduce the occurrence of diabetes? -

Study indicates healthy vegetarians at substantially lower risk than healthy non-vegetarians for diabetes

Method
A study was undertaken on 25698 adult 7th Day Adventists -- 7th day Adventists were chosen since they are a religious group that avoid tobacco, alcohol and caffeine -- reflecting a group with a relatively healthy lifestyle compared to the normal population
Results
We propose the hypothesis that a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of developing diabetes. Findings that have generated this hypothesis are from a population of 25,698 adult White Seventh-day Adventists identified in 1960. During 21 years of follow-up, the risk of diabetes as an underlying cause of death in Adventists was approximately one-half the risk for all US Whites. Within the male Adventist population, vegetarians had a substantially lower risk than non-vegetarians of diabetes as an underlying or contributing cause of death. Within both the male and female Adventist populations, the prevalence of self-reported diabetes also was lower in vegetarians than in non-vegetarians.