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General facts regarding world fisheries

UN FAO facts related to the state of world fisheries

A few related points

  • World capture fisheries production in 2006 was about 92 million tonnes, with an estimated firstsale value of US$91.2 billion, comprising about 82 million tonnes from marine waters and 10 million tonnes from inland fisheries.
  • The top ten fisheries producer countries in 2006 were China, Peru, the United States, Indonesia, Japan, Chile, India, the Russian Federation, Thailand and Philippines.
  • Overall, 80 per cent of the world’s fish stocks for which assessment information is available are reported as fully exploited or overexploited and, thus, requiring effective and precautionary management.
  • The areas with the highest proportions of fully-exploited stocks were the Northeast Atlantic, the Western Indian Ocean and the Northwest Pacific
  • Of the straddling stocks for which the state of exploitation is known, nearly two-thirds of the stocks (64 per cent) are classified as overexploited, depleted or recovering, 23 per cent are fully exploited, 12 per cent are moderately exploited and 2 per cent are underexploited
  • The number of motorized fishing vessels in 2006 was estimated to be 2.1 million, of which almost 70 per cent were in Asia.
  • According to a recent report, current losses due to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing worldwide are estimated to be between $10 billion and $23.5 billion annually, representing between 11 and 26 million tonnes of catch.
  • The amount of fish and other species caught as “by-catch” is estimated by FAO to be more than 20 million tonnes globally, which is equivalent to 23 per cent of marine landings, and growing.