Practices that we highlight as serious welfare issues, are part of standard INDG guidelines or guidelines clearly not followed by the industry.
A few of the guidelines
Litter size increases on an average in succeeding pregnancies up to 5th or 6th litter. It is therefore advantageous to cull the sow from a breeding herd or a commercial herd after her fifth or sixth litter as the litter size goes down thereafter.
It would also be advisable to house pregnant gilts and sows in separate groups during gestation. About 3 m2 of dry housing should be available for each sow. The pregnant animals should be allowed to move about every day in the morning on a free range or a pasture if available
Sows may be farrowed in pens equipped with guard rails and a creep space in farrowing crates or in farrowing stalls. A pen equipped with guard rails and a creep space is adequate
Piglets are born with four pairs of sharp teeth, with two pairs on each jaw. They are of no practical value to the piglets and they may irritate the sow’s udder during nursing or cause injury to other piglets. Clipping of these teeth shortly after birth will prevent the injury of the udder caused by the needle teeth.
The male piglets not selected for breeding may be castrated when they are three to four weeks old.
Pig can be kept alone or in small groups in pig sty, a concrete or solid floored pen with a low shelter.
It should not be too near to houses as it smells and flies are a nuisance.
The floor should be concrete and sloping away from the sleeping area so that urine flows out and away.
An earthen floor cannot be kept clean and will lead to problems with parasites and other disease.
The walls of the sty need to be fairly smooth so that they can be kept clean. Cracks in the walls will allow dirt and germs to accumulate.
The dung can be removed every day allowing the pen to be kept clean and avoiding the build up of waste and smell.