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The medical costs attributable to meat consumption

The total direct medical costs attributable to meat consumption (1992) are estimated at $28.6 - 61.4 bn
ND Barnard, A Nicholson, JL Howard (PCRM)

Method
The prevalence of hypertension, heart diseases, cancer, diabetes, gallstones, obesity and food borne illness among omnivores and vegetarians are compared in studies that have controlled for other lifestyle factors, and the corresponding medical costs are calculated in 1992 dollars.
Results
Direct health costs attributable to meat consumption are estimated to be $2.8-8.5 bn for hypertension, $9.5 bn for heart disease, $0-16.5 bn for cancer, $14-17.1 bn for diabetes, $0.2-2.4 bn for gall bladder disease, $1.9 bn for obesity related musculoskeletal disorders and $0.2 - 2.5 bn for food borne illnesses. The total direct medical costs attributable to meat consumption (1992) are estimated at $28.6 - 61.4 bn