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Type 2 diabetes and the vegetarian diet

Vegetarian diet produces very significant advantages for the prevention & treatment of diabetes and its complications
David JA Jenkins, Cyril WC Kendall, Augustine Marchie, Alexandra L Jenkins, Livia SA Augustin, David S Ludwig, Neal D Barnard, and James W Anderson

Analysis of various scientific researches
The use of whole-grain or traditionally processed cereals and legumes has been associated with improved glycaemic control in both diabetic and insulin-resistant individuals. Long-term cohort studies have indicated that whole-grain consumption reduces the risk of both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. In addition, nuts (e.g., almonds), viscous fibres (e.g., fibres from oats and barley), soy proteins, and plant sterols, which may be part of the vegetarian diet, reduce serum lipids.
In combination, these plant food components may have a very significant impact on cardiovascular disease, one of the major complications of diabetes. Furthermore, substituting soy or other vegetable proteins for animal protein may also decrease renal hyperfiltration, proteinuria, and renal acid load and in the long term reduce the risk of developing renal disease in type 2 diabetes.
The vegetarian diet, therefore, contains a portfolio of natural products and food forms of benefit for both the carbohydrate and lipid abnormalities in diabetes. It is anticipated that their combined use in vegetarian diets will produce very significant metabolic advantages for the prevention and treatment of diabetes and its complications